Therapeutic Relationship



The relationship that develops between therapist and client within the context of long-term psychotherapeutic treatment is generally recognized by all schools of depth psychology and psychoanalysis as a critical factor in the change and healing processes. Analytical (Jungian) Psychology has a unique perspective on this relationship, which is grounded in a perspective on the relation between conscious and unconscious psychological dynamics in both the individuals involved and in the close relationship that develops between individuals engaged in psychotherapy. Dr. Jacoby will speak on this subject from many years of clinical experience as a Jungian psychoanalyst. Dr. Stein will provide a theoretical overview and a review of the history of Jung’s thinking on this key factor in the psychotherapeutic process and its potential for healing.


Murray Stein, Ph.D. is a training analyst and president of the International School of  Analytical Psychology in Zurich, Switzerland (ISAP Zurich). He is the author of The Principle of Individuation and many other books and articles in the field of Jungian Psychoanalysis. He is a founding member of the Inter-Regional Society of Jungian Analysts and Chicago Society of Jungian Analysts. From 2001 to 2004 he was president of the International Association for Analytical Psychology. He is a highly sought after international lecturer and presently makes his home in Switzerland.

Mario Jacoby, Ph.D. is a training analyst, supervisor and lecturer at the ISAP. ZH (International School for Analytical Psychology, Zurich). He has a private analytical practice as well as gives lectures and seminars all over Europe, the USA, South Africa, Latin America, Israel, etc. Dr. Jacoby is the author of numerous articles and six books on Analytical Psychology, among them The Analytic Encounter (Inner City), Individuation and Narcissism, Shame and the Origins of Self Esteem and Jungian Psychotherapy and Contemporary Infant Research (All by Routledge, London).

Learning Objectives:

  1. Describe Jungian thinking on the subjects of transference, countertransference, and the transformational stage of psychotherapy
  2. Discuss the history of Jung’s views on the transferencecountertransference relationship in analysis
  3. List the four levels of therapy as described by Jung and used by Jungian psychoanalysts to assess their clinical work
  4. Conceptualize the changes that come about in psychotherapy from a Jungian psychoanalytic perspective

Outline of Talk:

A Jungian Understanding of the Therapeutic Relationship: A Key to Change, Transformation, and Individuation in Psychotherapy

I. Murray Stein in Conversation with Mario Jacoby on:

  • Jung’s departures from psychoanalytic technique and the understanding of transference and countertransference
  • Mario Jacoby’s writings on “the therapeutic encounter” with examples of what he means by “encounter”
  • Comparison of Jung and Martin Buber on “encounter”
  • Mario Jacoby’s recollections of C.G. Jung and the Jung Institute in Zurich

II. The Four Stages of Long-term Psychotherapy

  • Confession – exploration and exposure of shadow material
  • Elucidation – interpretation of transference and other projected material as well as the activity of the complexes
  • Education – learning about the structure and dynamics of the psyche and how to use this knowledge in other relationships and in life generally
  • Transformation – the deeper aspects of the interpersonal process in psychotherapy, with a specific appreciation of unconscious factors

III. The Complexity of the Therapist-Client Relationship

  • The conscious relationship
  • The intrapsychic dynamics in both therapist and client
  • The projections of unconscious material
  • The unconscious relationship

Advanced Relations in Transformational Cases

  • The formation of a “mutual self”
  • Kinship libido
  • Interminable therapeutic relationships – what do they mean, what do they offer?



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